“Oral language underpins all learning and all social interaction.” - Page 7, ‘Learning Through Talk’ Ministry of Education, Learning Media, Wellington, New Zealand, 2009.
26th Jun 2022
Among other things, communication with their peers is difficult if a child starts school with a level of oral language that is below their current age. This can result in them struggling to form friendships, which is possibly the most worrying aspect of poor oral literacy. If they don't have the vocab to understand what the teacher is talking about, they can't follow instructions. For the child there is a level of frustration that can result in disruptive behaviour that affects the whole class and the teacher's ability to, well, teach.
The delay in oral literacy means teachers have to spend more time bringing the children’s oral language up to the correct level before starting to teach them to read and spell, so they are on the back foot from the start.
In the early '90s schools used to test children as part of their 6 week check to create a baseline as to where the child is at. Then we would fax (yes, fax) off this information to the Ministry of Education. From this data the Ministry could ascertain where issues were most concerning and put extra funds towards this, with speech language therapy for example, or other extra resources to assist.
This passing in of information stopped in the early 2000s and now when teachers ask for extra help because children's oral literacy is so poor, the response is, we don't have the data to support that poor oral literacy is a concern. Frustrating much.
But. The first learning happens at home and it is essential for those adults at home to TALK to their children. Not issue instructions or throw a device under their noses and let You Tube do the talking but actually look their children in the eye and talk. Chat. Yak. 5 turns of conversation is a good starter.
I know how busy life is and how tiring everything is. But if we want our children to grow into emotionally mature and intelligent adults, it all starts at home with talking to them. If you would like more resources around this go to the Harvard Graduate School of Education's Family Dinner Project
OR - Start here...
In terms of correct articulation (how we say sounds and words), sometimes it’s just a matter of where to place our tongue. Correct tongue placement is actually crucial to clear speech.
Unless there’s a physiological reason for incorrect tongue placement, exercises for the tongue and teaching the children the correct techniques to enunciate sounds, then words, then sentences, can improve a child’s speech rapidly.
The best time (in my opinion) to help children with speech difficulties is 3 1/2 - 6 years of age. This is when you can stop any bad habits from forming and get the tongue working in the correct way. But, it is never too late, even for the bothersome TH sound (adults who were never corrected as children, now's your chance to get it sorted).
So, how do you teach a child how to use their tongue correctly? Good question.
Watch this free preview from our online course Clear Speech for Children.
Have a good week, Miriam.
If you are wanting speech or speaking help for yourself or a child you know there are a couple of ways I can help.
1. Take a peek at my online courses. It is free to enrol in the online school and there are a number of free videos you can check out.
2. You can also purchase the training manuals which are for sale over at Amazon. Here's the link - Find Your Voice, Find Your Words
The book to help children - Say It Clearly